Chinese Endemic birds
CBT Birding Since 1999


The Endemic Bird Species In China
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GALLIFORMES

Tetraonidae

(Grouse, Ptarmigans and Prairiechickens)

Bonasa sewerzowi (Chinese Grouse)

The species distributes in Qinghai, the Middle Gansu, North and West Sichuan and East Tibet, and live in 2,500-4,000m conifer forests and sparse shrubs above sea level.

Phasianidae

(Partridges, Pheasants, Peafowls)

Tetraophasis obscurus(Chestnut-throated Partridge)

The species ranges in Minshan Mountains and Qionglaishan Mountains of Sichuan, and Qilianshan Mountains of Gansu and Qinghai, and inhabits shrubs, grasslands and rocky areas over 4,000m above sea level.

T. szechenyii

(Buff-throated Partridge)

The species distributes in South Qinghai, Southwest Sichuan, Northwest Yunnan and Southeast Tibet, and lives in 3,350-4,000m fir forests, shrubs, grassslopes, and rocky areas above sea level.

Alectoris magna

(Przevalskis Partridge)

The species ranges in Qilianshan Mountains of Qinghai and Gansu, and tives in 1,800-3,500m alpine cliffs, shrubs and grass slopes above sea level.

Arborophila crudigularis

(Taiwan Hill Partridge)

The species is endemic to Taiwan Island and only distributes in broadleaf forests of 700-2,500m above sea level in mountain areas of Middle Taiwan.

A. rufipectus

(Sichuan Hill Partridge)

The species ranges in broadleaf forests of 1,000-2,500m above sea level in South Sichuan and Northeast Yunnan.

A. gingica

(Richetts Hill Partridge)

The species lives in broadleaf forests of 800-1,800m above sea level in Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong and

A. ardens

(Hainan Hill Partridge)

The species only distributes in alpine evergreen forests of 900-1,200m above sea level in Hainan Island.

Bambusicola thoracice

(Chinese Bamboo Partridge)

 The species ranges in low-hilly shrubs, bamboo forests and grass areas among forests in Taiwan and middle, southern, eastern and southeastern parts of China.

Tragopan caboti

(Cabots Tragopan)

The species distributes in evergreen forests and conifer-broadleaf forests of 800-1,400m above sea level in Southwest Xhejiang, Wuyi Mountains of Fujian, South Jiangxi, northern parts of Guangdong and Guangxi, and South Hunan.

Lophophorus Ihuysii

(Chinese Monal)

The species tives in alpine conifer forests, shrubs and meadows of 3,000-4,000m above sea level in mountainous areas of West Sichuan and interfacing areas with Qinghai, Gansu and Tibet.



Lophura swinhoii

(Swinhoes Pheasant)

The species is endemic to Taiwan and ranges in broadleaf forests and conifer-broadleaf forests of 800-2,200m above sea level.

Crossoptilon mantchuricum

(brown Eared Pheasant)

The species lives in coniferbroadleaf forests and shrubs over 1,200m above sea level in Middle Shanxi and Northwest Hebei.

C. auritum

(Blue Eared Pheasant)

The species ranges in alpine conifer forests, shrubs and meadows of 3,000-5,000m above sea level in Northeast Qinghai, South Gansu, southwestern parts of Ningxia and Inner Mongolia, and Northeast Tibet.

C. crossoptilon

(White Eared Pheasant)

The species distributes in alpine forests, shrubs and meadows of 3,000-4,000m above sea level in South Qinghai, southern and southeastern parts of Sichuan and Tibet, and Southeast Yunnan.

 

Syrmaticus ellioti

(Elliots Pheasant)

The species ranges broadleaf forests, conifer-broadleaf forests, shrubs and meadows below 1,600m above sea level in southern parts of Jiangxi and Anbui, Southwest Zhejiang, North Fujian, eastern pqrts of Hunan and Guizhou, and North Guangdong.
 

S. mikado

(Mikado Pheasant)

The species is endemie to Taiwan and lives in conifer forests, conifer-broadleaf forests, bamboo forests, shrubs and meadows between 1,800-3,000m above sea level.

S. reevesii

(Reeves’s Pheasant)

The species ranges in broadleaf forests and conifer-broadleaf forests between 300-1,800m above sea level in sone small isolated areas of South Henan, West Anhui, Qinling Mountains of Shaanxi, Guizhou, Hunan and Sichuan.
 

Chrysolophus pictus

(Golden Pheasant)                                                                           

The species lives in broadleaf forests, shrubs and meadows among forests in marching areas with East Qinghai,Gansu, Sichuan and Shaanxi, western parts of Hubei, morthern parts of Guizhou and Guangxi.

Polyplectron katsumatae

(Hainan Peacock Pheasant)

The species is endemic to Hainan Island and lives in evergreen forests from low hills to 1800m above sea level in Sourhwest Hainan.

STRIGIFORMES

Strigidae

(Typical Owls)

Strix davidi

(Sichuan Wood Ow 1)

The species ranges in conifer-broadleaf forests between 2,500-4,000m above sea level in Southeast Qinghai and Middle Sichuan. The species was a subspecies of Strix uralensis but a new species now.
 

CAPRIMULGIFORMES

Caprimulgidae

(Nightjars, Nighihawks)

Coprimulgus centralasicus

(Vaurie’s Nightjar)

The species distributes at sandy hill-feet of Takelamagan Desert below Kunlun Mountains of Southwest Xinjiang.

PASSERIFORMES

Pycnonotidae

(Bulbuls)

Pycnonotus taivanus

(Taiwan Bulbul)

The species is endemic to Taiwan and lives in broadleaf forests of low hills of Southeast Taiwan.

Prunellidae

(Accentors)

Prunella koslowi

(Mongolian Accentor)

The species ranges in conifer forests, shrubs and hilly areas with rocks in middle-northern and western parts of China. The species breed in Qinghai, Ningxia and East Gansu and winter in mountainous areas of South Shaanxi, Hebei and Shanxi.

Turdidae

(Thrushes, Chats)

Phoenicurus alaschanicus

(Przewalski’s Redstart)

The species breeds in conifer forests of Qinghai, Ningxia and East Gansu, and winters in parts of South Shaanxi, Hebei and Shanxi.

Tarsiger johnstoniae

(Taiwan Bush Robin)

The species is endemic to Taiwan and lives in conifer-broadleaf forests of 2,000-2,800m above sea level.

 

Myophonus insularis

(Taiwan Whistling Thrush)

The speces is endemic to Taiwan and ranges in broadleaf and conifer-broadleaf forests of 600-1,500m above sea level.

Cisticolidae

(Cisticolas)

Rhopophilus pekinensis

(White-browed Chinese Warbler)

The species distributes from Liaoning westwards to Gansu, Ningxia, Qinling Mountains of Shaanxi and West Xinjiang, and lives in shrubs and short forests of low hilly areas.

Sylviidae

(Old World Warblers)

Phylloscopus kansuensis

(Gansu Leaf Warbler)

The species breeds in coniferbroadleaf forests of Gansu and Qinghai, and its wintering areas are unknown.

P. sichuanensis

(Chinese Leaf Warbler)

The species is endemic to middle and eastern parts of China, breeds in mountainous areas of 1,-200-2,600m above sea level from East Qinghai and Sichuan to North Hebei, and its wintering areas are unknown.

P. hainanus

(Hainan Leaf Warbler)

The specles is resident of secondary forests and shrubs over 600m above sea level in West Hainan Island.

P. emeiensis

(Emei Leaf Warbler)

The species brecds in broadleaf forests of South Sichuan and Guizhou, but its wintering areas are unknows.
 

Bradypterus alishanensis

(Alishan Bush Warbler)

The species is a endemic species to Taiwan, and ranges at 1,500-2,500m conifer-broadleaf mixed forests and shraks above sea level.

Leptopoecile elegans

(Crested Tit Warbler)

The species lives in fir forests of Middle China and Tibet and moves down to 2,800-3,900m subapline forest areas in winter.
 

 

 

Regulidae

(Kinglets)

Regulus goodfellowi

(Flamecrest)

The species is endemic to Tiawan Island and lives in conifer forests of 2,000-3,000m above sea level.

Timaliidae

(Babblers)

Chrysomma poecilotis

(Rufous-tailed Babbler)

The species lives in shrubs and grass slopes of 1,500-3,800m above sea level in Qionglai Mountains of Sichuan.
 

Babax koslowi

(Koslows Babax)
The species is endemic to the valleys in East Tibet.

 

 

Garrulax davidi

(Plain Laughingthrush)

The species ranges from West Heilongjiang, North China, Ningxia, East Qinghai and Gansu to Sichuan, and lives in broadleaf forests, shrubs and grass slopes of 800-3,000m above sea level.

 

G. sukatschewi

(Sukatschev’s Laughingthrush)

The species lives in 2,000-3,500m shrubs above sea level in mountainous areas of South Gansu and North Sichuan.

G. lunulatus

(Bar-backed Laughingthrush)

The species ranges in hilly coniferbroadleaf forests, shrubs and bamboo forests of Hubei, Qinling Mountains of Shaanxi, South Gansu, Middle and North Sichuan.

G. bieti

(Biets Laughingthrush)

The species distributes in Southwest Sichuan and Northwest Younnan, and lives in conifer forests and bamboo forests over 3,000m above sea level.

G. poecilorhynchus

(Rusty Laughingthrush)

The species ranges in low mountainous broadleaf forests and sbrubs from Northwest Yunnan and South Sichuan to North Guangdong and Taiwan.

G. elliotil

(Elliot’s Laughingthrush)

The species lives in shrubs among hilly forests of 1,200-4,800m above sea level in Sichuan, Shaanxi, Gansu and Qinghai.

 

G. morrisonianus

(White-whiskered Laughingthrush)

The species is endemic to Taiwan and lives in shrubs among forests of 1,800-4,800m above sea level.

Liocichla omeiensis

(Grey-faced Liocichla)

The species ranges in forests of 1,000-2,400m above sea level in South Sichuan and Northeast Yunnan.

L. steerii

(Steeres Liocichla)

The species is endemic to Taiwan and lives in low mountainous broadleaf forests amd shrubs.

Actinodura morrisoniana

(Taiwan Barwing)

The species in endemic to Taiwan and lives in defoliation forests in mountainous areas of 1,200-3,000m above sea level.

Alcippe variegaticeps

(Yellow-fronfed Fulvetta)

The species distributes in forest areas of 700-1,900m above sea level in Yaoshan Mountains of Guangxi.
 

A. striaticollis

(Chinese Mountain Fulvetta)

The species ranges in conifer broadleaf forests and shrubs of 2,200-4,300m above sea level from South Gansu to Sichuan, Yunnan and Southeast Tibet.

Heterophasia auricularis

(White-eared Sibia)

The species is endemic to Taiwan, and lives in oak forests of 1,200-3,000m above down to 200m areas above sea level in winter.

Yuhina brunneiceps

(Taiwan Yuhina)

The species is endemic to Taiwan and lives in forests of 1,000-3,000m abve sea lvevl.

Paradoxornithidae

(Parrotbills)

Paradoxornis paradoxus

(Three-toed Parrotbill)

The species ranges in conifer broadleaf forests and bamboo forests of 1,500-3,500m above sea level in northern parts of Shaanxi and Gansu, and North Sichuan.

P. conspicillatus

(Spectacled Parrotbill)

  The species lives in broadleaf forests, shrubs and bamboo forests of 1,350-3,000m above sea level in South Shaanxi, East Sichuan, West Gansu, Qinghai and Hubei.

P. zappeyi

(Grey-hooded Parrotbill)

The species ranges in bamboo forests and shrubs of 2,350-3,200m above sea level in Emei Mountains of Sichuan and Guizhou.

 

 

P. przewalskii

(Rusty-throated Parrotbill)

The species distributes in East Qinghai, South Gansu and Northwest Sichuan and lives in larch forests and shrubs.

Paridae

(White-browed Tit))

The species ranges in North Sichuan, Changdu and Lasa of Tibet, and from East Qinghai to South Gansu.

P.davidi

(Rusty-breasted Tit)

The species lives in conifer forests and conifer-broadleaf forests of 2,400-3,400m above sea level in South Shaanxi, South Gansu and North Sichuan.

P. venustulus

(Yellow-bellied Tit)

The species ranges in mountainous conifer-broadleaf forests from Southeast China to North Hebei.

P. holsti

(Taiwan Tit)

The species lives in broadleaf and conifer forests of 1,000-2,300m above sea vlevel in Taiwan , Island.

Aegithalos fuliginosus

(Sooty Long-tailed Tit)

The species ranges in 1,000-2,600m broadleaf forests above sea level in Southwest Hubei, South Shaanxi,South Gansu and Middle-North Sichuan.

Sittidae

(Nuthatches)

The species distributes in 2,000-3,350m conifer forests above sea level in South Sichuan, West Guizhou, Yunnan and Southeast Tibet, but flies to 1,200m lower areas in winter.

Corvidae

(Crows, Jays)

Perisoreus internigrans

(Sichuan Jay)

The species ranges in conifer forests of 3,000-4,300m above sea level in Southeast Qinghai, West Gansu, North Sichuan and East Tibet.

 

 

Podoces biddulphi

(Xinjiang Ground Jay)

The species lives in diversifolious poplar forests and desert-grasslands of 900-1,300m above sea level in South Xinjiang.

Urocissa caerulea

(Taiwan Blue Magpie)

The species is endemic to Taiwan and lives in broadleaf forests and comfer-broadleaf forests on 300-1,200m above sea level.

Fringillidae

(Siskins, Crossbills and Finch)

The species in found only in the areas of 5,000m above sea level near Kalakunlun Mountains of Southwest Xinjiang.

Kozlowia roborowski

(Tibetan Rosefinch)

The species ranges in alpine desert-grasslands of 4,500-5,400m above sea level in Northeast Tibet and Southwest Qinghai.

 

Emberizidae

(Buntings, Sparreows)

Urocynchramus pylzowi

(Pink-tailed Rosefinch)

The species ranges in alpine shrubs of 3,000-5,000m above sea level in Qinghai, Gansu, North and West Sichuan, East Tibet.

Latoucheornis siemsseni

(Slaty Bunting)

The species breeds in secondary forests and shrubs of South Shaanxi, Sichuan south Gansu, and migrates and winters in Hubei, Hunan, Anhui, Fujian and Guangdong.

 

Emberiza koslowi

(Kozzlov’s Bunting)

The species lives in alpine shrubs and meadows of 3,600-4,600m above sea level in Southeast Qinghai and East Tibet.


The full list of Chinese Endemic birds:

Alectoris magna (Phasianidae) Przevalski's Partridge
Arborophila ardens (Phasianidae) Hainan Hill Partridge
Arborophila crudigularis ** (Phasianidae) Taiwan Hill Partridge
Arborophila gingica (Phasianidae) Collared Hill Partridge
Arborophila rufipectus (Phasianidae) Sichuan Hill Partridge
Bambusicola thoracicus * (Phasianidae) Chinese Bamboo Partridge
Chrysolophus pictus (Phasianidae) Golden Pheasant
Crossoptilon auritum (Phasianidae) Blue Eared Pheasant
Crossoptilon mantchuricum (Phasianidae) Brown Eared Pheasant
Lophophorus lhuysii (Phasianidae) Chinese Monal
Lophura swinhoii ** (Phasianidae) Swinhoe's Pheasant
Syrmaticus ellioti (Phasianidae) Elliot's Pheasant
Syrmaticus mikado ** (Phasianidae) Mikado Pheasant
Syrmaticus reevesii (Phasianidae) Reeves's Pheasant
Tetraophasis obscurus (Phasianidae) Verreaux's Monal Partridge
Tetrastes sewerzowi (Phasianidae) Severtsov's Hazel Grouse
Tragopan caboti (Phasianidae) Cabot's Tragopan

Black-Necked Crane

Gorsachius magnificus (Ardeidae) White-eared Night Heron
Larus saundersi (Laridae) Saunders's Gull Br
Sterna bernsteinii (Laridae) Chinese Crested Tern Br
Caprimulgus centralasicus (Caprimulgidae) Vaurie's Nightjar
Pericrocotus cantonensis (Campephagidae) Swinhoe's Minivet Br
Oriolus mellianus (Oriolidae) Silver Oriole
Perisoreus internigrans (Corvidae) Sichuan Jay
Podoces biddulphi (Corvidae) Xinjiang Ground Jay
Urocissa caerulea ** (Corvidae) Taiwan Blue Magpie
Parus davidi (Paridae) Pere David's Tit
Parus holsti ** (Paridae) Yellow Tit
Parus superciliosus (Paridae) White-browed Tit
Parus venustulus (Paridae) Yellow-bellied Tit
Aegithalos fuliginosus (Aegithalidae) Sooty Tit
Leptopoecile elegans (Aegithalidae) Crested Tit-Warbler
Pycnonotus taivanus ** (Pycnonotidae) Styan's Bulbul
Acrocephalis sorghophilus (Sylviidae) Streaked Reed Warbler Br
Bradypterus alishanensis ** (Sylviidae) Taiwan Bush Warbler
Phylloscopus armandii (Sylviidae) Yellow-streaked Warbler Br
Phylloscopus emeiensis (Sylviidae) Emei Leaf Warbler
Phylloscopus hainanus (Sylviidae) Hainan Leaf Warbler
Phylloscopus kansuensis (Sylviidae) Gansu Leaf Warbler

Phylloscopus subaffinis (Sylviidae) Buff-throated Warbler Br
Phylloscopus yunnanensis (Sylviidae) Chinese Leaf Warbler
Seicercus soror (Sylviidae) Plain-tailed Warbler
Actinodura morrisoniana ** (Timaliidae) Taiwan Barwing
Alcippe striaticollis (Timaliidae) Chinese Fulvetta
Alcippe variegaticeps (Timaliidae) Gold-fronted Fulvetta
Babax koslowi (Timaliidae) Tibetan Babax
Garrulax bieti (Timaliidae) White-speckled Laughing-thrush
Garrulax davidi (Timaliidae) Plain Laughing-thrush
Garrulax elliotii (Timaliidae) Elliot's Laughing-thrush
Garrulax henrici (Timaliidae) Brown-cheeked Laughing-thrush
Garrulax lunulatus (Timaliidae) Barred Laughing-thrush
Garrulax maximus (Timaliidae) Giant Laughing-thrush
Garrulax morrisonianus ** (Timaliidae) White-whiskered Laughing-thrush
Garrulax poecilorhynchus * (Timaliidae) Rusty Laughing-thrush
Garrulax sukatschewi (Timaliidae) Snowy-cheeked Laughing-thrush
Heterophasia auricularis ** (Timaliidae) White-eared Sibia
Liocichla omeiensis (Timaliidae) Emei Shan Liocichla
Liocichla steerii ** (Timaliidae) Steere's Liocichla
Moupinia poecilotis (Timaliidae) Rufous-tailed Babbler
Paradoxornis conspicillatus (Timaliidae) Spectacled Parrotbill

Paradoxornis heudei (Timaliidae) Reed Parrotbill

Paradoxornis paradoxus (Timaliidae) Three-toed Parrotbill
Paradoxornis przewalskii (Timaliidae) Rusty-thoated Parrotbill
Paradoxornis verreauxi * (Timaliidae) Golden Parrotbill

Paradoxornis zappeyi (Timaliidae) Gray-hooded Parrotbill
Yuhina brunneiceps ** (Timaliidae) Taiwan Yuhina
Regulus goodfellowi ** (Reguliidae) Flamecrest
Sitta yunnanensis (Sittidae) Yunnan Nuthatch

Certhia tianquanensis (Certhiidae) Sichuan Treecreeper

Sturnus sericeus (Sturnidae) Red-billed Starling Br
Myophonus insularis ** (Turdidae) Taiwan Whistling Thrush
Turdus feae (Turdidae) Gray-sided Thrush Br
Turdus kessleri (Turdidae) Kessler's Thrush Br
Turdus mupinensis (Turdidae) Chinese Thrush
Luscinia johnstoniae ** (Muscicapidae) Collared Bush Robin
Luscinia obscura (Muscicapidae) Black-throated Robin

Luscinia pectardens (Muscicapidae) Fire-throated Robin

Luscinia ruficeps (Muscicapidae) Rufous-headed Robin

Phoenicurus alashanicus (Muscicapidae) Przevalski's Redstart

Phoenicurus hodgsoni (Muscicapidae) Hodgson's Redstart
Rhinomyias brunneatus (Muscicapidae) Brown-chested Jungle Flycatcher
Montifringilla henrici (Passeridae) Tibetan Snowfinch
Onychostruthus taczanowskii (Passeridae) White-rumped Snowfinch

Pyrgilauda blanfordi (Passeridae) Blanford's Snowfinch Br
Pyrgilauda ruficollis (Passeridae) Rufous-necked Snowfinch Br

Carpodacus eos (Fringillidae) Pink-rumped Rosefinch Br
Carpodacus trifasciatus (Fringillidae) Three-banded Rosefinch Br

Kozlowia roborowskii (Fringillidae) Roborovski's Rosefinch
Leucosticte sillemi (Fringillidae) Sillem's Mountain Finch
Urocynchramus pylzowi (Fringillidae) Przelvalski's Rosefinch
Emberiza koslowi (Emberizidae) Tibetan Bunting
Latoucheornis siemsseni (Emberizidae) Slaty Bunting
Stachyris nonggangensis (Timaliidae) Nonggang Babbler 2008


 
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